Arshile Gorky

Alternative Name(s): -
Date of Birth: 1902-1905 (Official date unknown)
Place of Birth: Khorgam, Ottoman Empire
Date of Death: July 21, 1948
Focus: Painter
Art movement: Surrealism, Abstract Expressionism
Nationality: Armenian, American

Famous Arshile Gorky Artwork

Arshile Gorky Biography

Arshile Gorky was born sometime between 1902 and 1905, although 1904 is the commonly accepted year of his birth, the date has never been confirmed. He escaped the Armenian Genocide and fled to Russian territory before meeting his father in the United States around 1920. Gorky attended the New School of Design in Boston and served as a part-time instructor there before eventually moving to New York and teaching at the Grand Central School of Art. Primarily influenced by Paul Cezanne, many of Gorky’s early works in the spirit of Impressionism and post-impressionism. Eventually, as Gorky experimented more and more with style, many of his works were in the style of Cubism and Surrealism. Gorky’s work is often credited with having an important influence on Abstract Expressionism. Gorky’s painting The Liver is the Cock’s Comb was exhibited in the Surrealist’s last show in Paris in 1947.

Gorky’s work is widely known and critically acclaimed in the United States and all over the world. His work remains on display in the United States at the National Gallery of Art, Museum of Modern Art, the Art Institute of Chicago, the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Whitney Museum of American Art (which holds a large collection of Gorky’s work). The Tate Gallery in London, England also contains Gorky’s work as do many other international galleries. The exhibit Ashile Gorky: A Retrospective has been held at the Philadelphia Museum of Art and the Museum of Contemporary Art (Los Angeles).